Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa between the tropic of Cancer and the Equator. The country covers an area of 1,251,000 square kilometers and has 75 million inhabitants. In contrast to most African countries, Ethiopia was never colonized and has long enjoyed its independence. This has meant that the country has taken on a prestigious role in the context of Africa as a whole; in fact, the African Union has its headquarters in Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa. Ethiopia is indeed one of the best recommended countries for all breathtaking scenery, rugged but majestic mountains, exotic flora, fauna (mainly endemic mammals, birds, plants), and pristine cultural diversity maintained by perpetual history. Located in the northeastern Horn of Africa, equidistant to the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn, Ethiopia is the oldest nation in Africa. Its bedrock belongs to the earth's first continent, a continent known by geologists as Gondwanaland. Africa forms the largest intact remnant of this. Lucy, the oldest hominid, whose remains were found in Ethiopia's part of the Great Rift Valley in the place called Hadar, lived among her companions. Being huge, Ethiopia represents an amusing natural, cultural, and historical diversity. Its favorable climatic conditions and landscape make Ethiopia the home of bird life and mammals. After the rains, it is decked with flowers and with more native plants than most countries in Africa. The country is endowed with peerless geological formations, varying from 116 meters below sea level that is the radiant sulfuric inferno. The Danakil Depression to the alpine peaks in the rugged Semien Mountains (only the phenomenal Great Rift Valley) cuts Ethiopia in two, forming a series of marvelous lakes thriving with opulent in all life forms.